In the 1879 play A Doll's House, by Henrik Ibsen, being confined is a major theme that is present. When this play was translated to two different film versions, both in 1973, it lost the concept of confinement in one, but it seemed to keep it present very well in another.

         This concept is played up much better in the film version directed by Patrick Garland. In this film version, the characters, especially Nora (Claire Bloom) are almost never seen outside of their homes or somewhere that is enclosed. There are one or two scenes where a few characters may be seen outside, but that is only so because they are going somewhere else that will look and feel just as confined. These transitional scenes are very short and do not affect the feeling of confinement.

         The concept of confinement was apparent in the original play because of the way a theatrical production is done on stage. It is going to be very confined when on stage as the actors have only a few backdrops and props to work with. This concept is done well on stage, but it can be translated well to film. This is evident in the Patrick Garland version of the film; therefore, there appear to be many aspects of the Patrick Garland more claustrophobic version that appear to be far superior to those of the more opened-up Joseph Losey film

Jarrod Hurst

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